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育儿风格及其影响儿童的方式

虾机霸糕 风流鼠 11个月前 (08-12) 134次浏览 0个评论 扫描二维码

可能是你的养育方式受到你自己成长的影响,因为你要么以与你抚养长大的方式相似的方式带孩子,要么你要坚决不同地养育孩子。毫无疑问,养育方式对儿童发展和随后的行为产生重大影响。养育方式是一种独特的个人行为,可以根据具体情况进行调整。对于类别,他们可能会概括一个非常复杂的主题。但从广义上讲,它们分为三个主要方面。

这是一种非常独裁的养育方式,通常涉及严格遵守父母制定的一套规则,几乎没有谈判或解释。通常情况下,一系列明确的界限在交叉时会导致惩罚。这意味着孩子清楚地了解对他们的期望以及跨越这些界限的后果。问题在于,虽然孩子可能理解存在边界,但他们不太可能知道它们存在的原因。权威的养育通常会导致家庭中的良好行为以及合理的安全性。明确定义的边界确实提供了一致性,这是使孩子感到安全的一个重要因素。

专制育儿的缺点是,由于孩子没有多少经验来创造自己的行为界限,因此,作为青少年,他们可能容易受到负面同伴压力和“爆发”的欲望,这可能导致犯罪问题。此外,这种风格通常会导致孩子感到偏远和不受欢迎,这可能导致低自尊的问题。

被认为是最有可能获得最佳结果的养育方式,权威养育与专制养育非常相似,因为有一套明确的界限和规则来定义儿童的行为方式以及对外出的惩罚规则。然而,权威风格的不同之处在于,采用这种风格的父母可能更容易接受孩子的投入,并准备进行谈判。这被认为是一种更健康,更有成效的养育方式。新罕布什尔大学进行的一项研究认为,这种养育方法给予父母在父母眼中的“父母合法性”。

宽容的养育不是强加严格的规则和界限,而是更多关于父母成为他们孩子的朋友。这是一种善意的养育方式,无论行为如何,都可能给孩子带来爱和感情。不幸的是,这似乎不能很有效地缓和行为,并且可能导致被宠坏的孩子容易发脾气或脾气暴躁。当他们面对行为或否认他们想要的时候。缺乏或不一致地应用边界通常会导致儿童不安全。他们并不完全了解在任何特定情况下对他们的期望,并不断推动他们是否能找出边界确实存在的位置。

为了找到最有效的养育方式,你似乎必须采取所有三种风格的一点点。一个孩子需要明确界定的边界的安全性,以及来自权威性养育的输入,反馈和沟通的要求,以及在宽容的养育中明显显而易见的大量无条件的爱。

英语原文:

Parenting Styles and How They Affect Children

It may be that your parenting style has been influenced by your own upbringing in that you either bring your children up in a similar way to the way you were brought up, or you make a determined effort to bring them up differently. There is no doubt that parenting styles have a significant impact on child development and subsequently on behavior Parenting styles are a unique and personal thing that may be adapted to suit particular situations. To categories them may be generalizing what is after all a very complex subject. But very broadly, they fall into three main areas.

parant Parenting Styles and How They Affect Children

Authoritarian Parenting

This is a very dictatorial style of parenting that usually involves strict adherence to a set of rules laid out by parents with little in the way of negotiation or explanation. There is normally, a clear set of boundaries that when crossed, will lead to punishment. This means that a child clearly understands what is expected of them and also the consequences of stepping outside of those boundaries. The problem is that although the child may understand that the boundaries exist, they are unlikely to know why they exist. Authoritative parenting often results in good behaviour in the home and also a reasonable amount of security. Clearly defined boundaries do provide consistency which is one important ingredient to making a child feel secure.

The downside to authoritarian parenting is that because the child has not had much experience of creating their own behavioural boundaries, as a teenager they may become susceptible to negative peer pressure and a desire to “break out” which can lead to problems of delinquency. Additionally, this style is often leads to the child feeling remote and unloved which can lead to problems with low self-esteem.

Authoritative Parenting

Acknowledged as the style of parenting most likely to have the best outcomes, authoritative parenting is very similar to authoritarian parenting in that there is a clear set of boundaries and rules in place that define how a child is expected to behave and the punishment for stepping outside of the rules. However the authoritative style differs in that parents who adopt this style are likely to be much more receptive to input from the child and also prepared to negotiate. This is thought to be a much healthier and more productive way of parenting. A study conducted by the University of New Hampshire attributed this to the fact that this method of parenting gives parents “parental legitimacy” in the eyes of the child. The study concluded that parental legitimacy is a significant contributing factor to good behaviour because it does not control behaviour through punishment and rewards and therefore boundaries being observed are less dependent on the actual physical presence of the parent.

Permissive Parenting

Permissive parenting is less about imposing strict rules and boundaries and more about the parent becoming a friend to their child. This is a well intention-ed form of parenting that is likely to shower the child with love and affection regardless of behavior Unfortunately this does not seem to be very effective in moderating behavior and can lead to a spoiled child liable to tantrums or temper outbursts on the occasions when they are confronted on behavior or denied what they want. A lack of, or inconsistently applied boundaries normally leads to insecurity on the part of the child. They do not fully understand what is expected of them in any given situation and constantly push to see if they can find out where the boundaries do actually lie.

To find the most effective parenting style, it seems that you must take a little pinch of all three styles. A child needs the security of clearly defined boundaries and consequences from authoritarian parenting, the request for input, feedback and communication derived from the authoritative style and plenty of the unconditional love that is clearly apparent in permissive parenting.


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风流鼠,无水印破解网课资源博客管理员。固以正版为尊,因财力不济使然。关于求学:人以不知而为耻,当以求学而为荣。关于宅男:宅男撸主非我愿,盖因生理驱求。
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